From the French scientists who established l’Institut d’Egypte in 1798, to the massive transformation and modernization of Egypt under Mohamed Ali and his successors, through the early years of Nasser and Sadat, Egypt would lead the Arab World in intellectual and scientific achievements. In the late 20th century, the Egyptian diaspora of distinguished scientists would keep Egyptian science alive.

Horizons is produced by Bibliotheca Alexandrina, and featured on ACMi with permission from Dr. Ismail Serageldin.